What is Eczema?

Eczema (eg zuh-MUH) is the name given to a group of conditions that cause itching, inflammation or rash. Atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis) is the most common form of eczema, where the skin is itchy, dry and cracked. In fact, many people use the term eczema to refer to atopic dermatitis, a common skin inflammation—a common form of eczema.


While doctors primarily use these symptoms to diagnose eczema (atopic dermatitis), they're not always accurate enough to distinguish eczema from other skin conditions, such as psoriasis. When people talk about eczema, they usually mean atopic dermatitis, which is characterised by dry, itchy, often red rashes. At least one in 10 children suffers from eczema (also called atopic dermatitis), a persistent skin condition that causes dry, red and itchy skin.


The infections that children with eczema commonly get are often from germs that normally live harmlessly on everyone's skin. Babies with eczema have a form of "sensitive skin" that is more easily irritated by sweat, heat, rough clothing, and certain detergents, soaps, and detergents. For example, when children begin to crawl, eczema can form on exposed skin on the legs.


Sometimes, if a child with eczema has itching that persists for weeks or months, the skin starts to become very rough, tough, and dark. Thickening of the skin (chronic eczema). Excessive friction and scratching can tear the skin and lead to infection. Over time, with constant scratching, the skin becomes lichenified, which means it becomes thick and tough and has a hyperpigmented (darkened) appearance. Scratching increases the chance of superinfection because it can cause the skin to break.


Once the skin barrier is broken, moisture leaves the skin and the skin becomes dry and flaky. The damage makes the skin more sensitive and more prone to infection and dryness.


Environmental allergens (irritants from the environment) can also enter the skin and activate the immune system, causing inflammation that makes the skin red and itchy. Factors that can make skin reactions worse include sweat, stress, obesity, soaps, cleansers, dust, and pollen. This prolongs eczema flare-ups and increases itching, redness, and blistering of the skin, further complicating eczema flare-ups. Strenuous physical activity or sports that make you sweat a lot can also cause itchy eczema.


Eczema can be a concern for children and their parents, especially when itching interferes with sleep. Eczema, an allergic condition that causes dry and itchy skin, is common in babies and children. Eczema is a skin condition in which the affected skin becomes swollen, discoloured, dry, itchy, and sometimes blistered. Atopic dermatitis is a skin condition that causes dry, sensitive skin to be prone to redness, flaking, and itching.


Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as eczema, is an inherited chronic skin disorder that is more common in infants or very young children and may persist into adolescence or adulthood. Atopic eczema can be inherited and often develops along with other conditions such as asthma and hay fever. While atopic eczema can affect any part of the body, it most commonly affects children's hands, the inside of the elbows, the backs of the knees, and the face and scalp.


Eczema can occur anywhere on the skin and usually occurs on the flexors (the creases of the arms and back of the knees). Eczema in adults is similar to eczema in older children, with patches of very dry, itchy, red skin in the folds of the elbows, wrists, neck, ankles, and under the knees. On dark skin, eczema is brown, purple, or grey and can be difficult to see. It is very likely that you will notice eczema in the creases around your child's elbows, knees, wrists and neck.


People of colour with eczema may also have dark or light patches on their skin even after the symptoms of eczema have gone. People with long-term eczema may become sensitive to the products they apply to the skin and may develop allergic contact dermatitis, which may have identical clinical manifestations. In children with eczema, eczema has very itchy, scaly, red patches on the skin, usually on the cheeks, in the crooks of the elbows, and under the knees.


More severe and difficult to treat is measles eczema (also known as discoid eczema), a condition characterised by itchy, coin-shaped patches that can slough off and become infected. Eczema is used to describe a large group of skin conditions that cause inflammation, with varying degrees of itching and redness.


If your doctor has seen eczema before, he can recognize it by its symptoms. In adults with eczema, the disease usually responds well to proper skin care and treatment, although flare-ups of symptoms can occur throughout life. Eczema most likely first appears before a child is five years old, and almost half of cases begin before six months of age. If a child has eczema, they will have patches of dry, itchy skin that may appear red and cracked, and may flake or bleed.


Baby Eczema Open Popup Close Baby Eczema Baby Eczema In children, atopic dermatitis (childhood eczema) usually appears as red, itchy patches on very dry skin. Where patients usually overcome the rash within a few years before returning in various forms in adulthood.